Best Way To Create Query String From Javascript Object

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Mario Giancini
Mario Giancini
Read Time: 2min

Quite often I find myself building URLs from objects, and if you're developing in JavaScript, you may find this to be a common task as well. Here's what I've found is the best way to create query string from a javascript object.

Basically, we want to be able to take an object like this one:

let params = { a: 1, b: 2, c: 3 };

and convert it into a query string like this:


There are a few steps involved in the process, let's review them.

How to create query string from a javascript object:

  1. Build an Object with known key: value pairs for your query string. For values that should have multiple key instances like key[]=1&key[]=2, use an array.
  2. Add any unknown or dynamic values to the Object. Once your initial params object is created you can declare additional key values dynamically or implicitly.
  3. Map over the Object keys to create an array of encoded strings. The array function map() is used on Object.keys() which creates a new array. Use encodeURIComponent() function to encode the keys and values correctly.
  4. Join the array of strings to create one query string. join() is another array function that we use in tandem with Object.keys().
  5. Append the query string and leading question mark to the URL Build your completed URL with encoded URI components.

Whether you know the key/value pairs ahead of time or not , you should use always use encodeURIComponent to make sure your values translate appropriately and do not break:

// Known parameter values 
let params = { 
  multi: ['one', 'two', '@three'],
  utm_source: 'google',
  utm_medium: 'cpc',
  utm_campaign: 'sale',
  code: 'Super Secret $codes'

// Example of a value that's dynamic or unknown 
params.token = Math.random().toString(36).substring(2, 15) + Math.random().toString(36).substring(2, 15); 

// Encode all params with map function on Object keys array,
// assuming value is either string or array 

let queryString = Object.keys(params).map((key) => { 
  if (Array.isArray(params[key])) { 
    return params[key].map((item, index) => { 
      return encodeURIComponent(key) + '[' + index + ']=' + encodeURIComponent(item); }).join('&');
  } else { 
    return encodeURIComponent(key) + '=' + encodeURIComponent(params[key])
// Build our url with encoded params string 
let url = '' + queryString;

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